Essential modules for integrated, computer-aided material development are already available at Fraunhofer-Center HTL (publication: Integrated Computational Ceramics Engineering). Concepts for multiscale simulation are available for all three of the above-mentioned relationships. For the question of how the manufacturing process influences the structure (relationship 1), models on different scales are used: On the microscale, for example, the microstructure development during sintering is simulated as a function of the process parameters, e.g. the temperature-time curve, and insights into the conditions for the greatest possible homogeneity of the ceramic are derived from this (publications: Modelling Inherently Homogeneous Sintering Processes; Simulation of Sintering). On the macro scale, FE models for debinding (publication: Optimisation of Debinding Using Experiment-Based Computational Concepts) and sintering are available, which are strictly based on precise in-situ measurement data from the thermal process. With these models, the respective thermal process is optimised on the computer in such a way that the components reliably and crack-free achieve the desired final shape and density with minimal time and energy expenditure.
For relationship 2, a microstructure property simulation specially developed for ceramics (publications: Using a novel microstructure generator to calculate macroscopic properties of multi-phase non-oxide ceramics in comparison to experiments; 3D modelling of ceramic composites and simulation of their electrical, thermal and elastic properties), which is suitable not only for purely ceramic materials but also for predicting the material properties of metal-ceramic composites (MMC) and of ceramic fibre composites (CMC) (publication: 3D Modelling of Ceramic Composites).
Regarding relationship 3, the computer-aided evaluation of application properties, the measured structures of surface or volume defects are evaluated at the HTL for their effects with regard to the probability of fracture with the help of FE analyses.