New processes for additive manufacturing of ceramics

CAD 3D multimaterial printer Feedstocks
© Fraunhofer-Zentrum HTL
CAD-Zeichnung eines 3D-Multimaterialdruckers: Der Drucker arbeitet mit Schlickern als Feedstocks
Scheme electrophoretical Micro fluidic 3D printing
© Fraunhofer-Zentrum HTL
Schema zum Prinzip der elektrophoretischen Mikrofluidik
Homogeneous microstructure green body that was built up using electrophoretic microfluidics 3D printing
© Fraunhofer-Zentrum HTL
Homogeneous microstructure of a green body that was built up using electrophoretic microfluidics

At Fraunhofer-Center HTL, new methods for additive manufacturing are developed, and  existing methods are improved. The objective of these developments is to broaden the state of the art and to qualify the processes for industrial component manufacture. Based on the market and customer requirements, requirements for new additive manufacturing processes are derived. From this, concepts for implementation are developed and coordinated with the customer. Subsequently, prototype manufacturing systems can be built according to the customer’s requirements.

The requirements for new additive manufacturing methods include, among other things, high green densities, in-situ control of the printing process, scalability of the processes and the option of 3D multi-material printing. At the same time, the processes must be economically viable.

One current development focuses on a slurry-based 3D multi-material print process (Free Flow Structuring). The process specifically combines existing additive manufacturing technologies to produce high-quality components made from several materials in a single print job. Regarding subsequent industrial series production, the process is designed so that components with large dimensions can also be produced. Parallel to the development of the process, the corresponding plant prototype is built.

A further development deals with additive manufacturing based on electrophoretic microfluidics (Publication: Usability of electrophoretic deposition). In contrary to other methods of electrophoretic deposition, the particles are only made available where they are required for the construction of the component. Using this process, high green densities and very homogeneous microstructures can be achieved, which is a fundamental prerequisite for high quality of the printed components. At the same time, the process offers the option of 3D multi-material printing at high resolution. By parallelizing many arrays, the productivity of the process can be significantly increased.

Quality management plays an important role, in particular in 3D multi-material printing, as the processes are more susceptible to defects. For example, the interfaces between two material types must be strictly controlled to avoid delamination. A particular challenge involves the thermal processing of the components, as the different materials normally have varying requirements for drying, debinding and sintering. At this point, the use of FE simulations in combination with in-situ measurement methods represents an effective approach for the targeted optimization of the thermal processes.

Our Services:

  • Analysis and evaluation of development trends in additive manufacturing
  • Development of new additive manufacturing processes for industrial component manufacture
  • Optimization of existing manufacturing processes according to customer demands
  • Development and construction of prototype plants for additive manufacturing
  • Development of methods for 3D multi-material printing
  • Quality management for 3D multi-material printing

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Special Facilities for Feedstock Processing